Britain has banned all Boeing 737 Max jets from flying in its airspace – the latest nation to suspend operation of the aircraft in the wake of the Ethiopian air disaster.
The UK Civil Aviation Authority said it had taken the action ‘as a precautionary measure’ meaning Britain has joined Australia, Singapore, China, Malaysia and Oman in grounding the jets.
Tui Airways has the only five 737 Max 8 aircraft operated by a UK-based airline, and confirmed the planes have been grounded following the CAA’s decision.
Norwegian Air, the other major operator of 737 Max 8 aircraft in the UK, confirmed they too had grounded its fleet of the jets following a recommendation from European aviation authorities.
It comes as pressure continues to mount on Boeing after more airlines and countries grounded their fleets of 737 Max 8 jets in the wake of the Ethiopian air disaster.
The jet crashed down minutes after take off from Addis Ababa killing all 157 onboard, including nine Britons.
Britain has banned all Boeing 737 Max aircrafts from flying in its airspace following the Ethiopian Airlines disaster om Sunday
Pressure is mounting on Boeing after more airlines and countries grounded their fleets of 737 Max 8 jets in the wake of the Ethiopian Airlines disaster. Pictured: Emergency crews at the scene of the crash last night
Flight ET302 was seen ‘swerving and dipping’ before crashing down minutes from take off from Addis Ababa on Sunday morning, killing all 157 on board including nine Britons
India’s Jet Airways this morning joined airlines in China, Mexico, Ethiopia, Brazil and South Africa in resolving to keep their Max 8s in hangers pending safety reviews. Pictured: A SilkAir plane at Changi Airport after Singapore suspended operations for all Boeing 737 Max 8s at the busy terminal
Three Boeing 737 MAX 8 planes from Shanghai Airlines are pictured at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Shanghai. China ordered domestic airlines to suspend commercial operation of the jet model citing the Ethiopian Airlines and Lion Air disasters
British death toll rises to nine as Foreign Office confirms mother and son were also killed
Nine Britons were killed in the Ethiopian Airlines flight which crashed yesterday morning – two more than was feared.
The Foreign Office revised up the number of British victims today after discovering that some of them had dual nationality.
Last night it emerged that British-Somali passengers Sarah Hassan Said and Nasrudin Abdulakir were killed when the Boeing 737 Max 8 jet came down within minutes of take-off from Addis Ababa on Sunday.
Another British victim was named yesterday as Sam Pegram, a 25-year-old aid worker who grew up in Lancashire.
Mr Pegram’s old secondary school, Penwortham Priory Academy, confirmed their old pupil’s death and said he was remembered ‘with great fondness’.
In addition to UN worker Joanna Toole, polar expert Sarah Auffet and Joseph Waithaka from Hull, the latest news means that six out of nine British victims have now been named.
Briton Joanna Toole (left) and French-British dual national Sarah Auffret (right) have been named among victims of the air disaster in Ethiopia
Irishman Michael Ryan (pictured left), who worked for the UN’s World Food Programme, and Kenyan-British dual national Joseph Waithaka (right) – who used to live in Hull – were also among the 149 passengers killed
Nasrudin Abdulkadir and his mother Sarah Hassan Said, both Somali-British nationals, died on the doomed plane, the FCO confirmed on Monday evening
Sam Pegram, pictured, a 25-year-old aid worker was named on Monday as another British victim of the Ethiopian air disaster
At least 12 passengers, including Ms Toole, from Exmouth, Devon, were travelling to Nairobi for a UN environment gathering.
Spanish national Pilar Martinez Docampo, who died in the crash, was a London-based aid worker who was travelling to Kenya to teach children English
Meanwhile, it has also emerged that a London-based aid worker who was travelling to Nairobi to teach children English was one of the 157 killed in the Ethiopian Airlines tragedy.
Spanish national Pilar Martinez Docampo, 32, had reportedly been living in London for seven years.
Docampo, from the seaside resort of Cangas do Morrazo in the Spanish province of Pontevedra, had been travelling and working for an unnamed NGO for the first time in Ethiopia.
Local media report Docampo had held several jobs in London after moving there seven years ago to look for work.
Her family told reporters that she had been travelling to Nairobi from Ethiopia to teach English to children as part of her work for the NGO.
She was excited about the trip and was reportedly planning to fly to Mozambique after her stay in Nairobi to teach English as well.
The local government in her hometown have announced there will be three days of mourning for her.
Australia and South Korea have suspended 737 MAX aircraft operations while Singapore issued the same orders at its busy Changi airport. Indonesia grounded its fleets and Vietnam said it would not grant licences for the jet until the cause of Sunday’s crash was determined.
This afternoon, a spokesperson for Britain’s Civil Aviation Authority said: ‘As we do not currently have sufficient information from the flight data recorder we have, as a precautionary measure, issued instructions to stop any commercial passenger flights from any operator arriving, departing or overflying UK airspace.
‘The UK Civil Aviation Authority’s safety directive will be in place until further notice.
‘We remain in close contact with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and industry regulators globally.’
TUI Airways and Norwegian are among the leading operators of the aircraft type.
A TUI Airways spokesperson said: ‘TUI Airways can confirm that all 737 MAX 8 aircraft currently operating in the UK have been grounded following the decision from the UK regulatory authorities today.
‘Any customers due to fly home today on a 737 MAX 8 from their holiday will be flown back on another aircraft. Customers due to travel in the coming days will also travel on holiday as planned on other aircraft.
‘The safety and wellbeing of our customers and staff has remained our primary concern.’
Flight ET302 was seen ‘swerving and dipping’ before crashing down minutes from take off from Addis Ababa on Sunday morning. Witnesses have described seeing it ‘rotating twice in the air’ before it hit the ground and exploded.
It was the second disaster involving the US planemaker’s latest model in less than five months after a Lion Air jet crashed in Indonesia in October, killing 189. US regulators have ordered Boeing to make urgent improvements to the aircraft model.
The two disasters have alarmed the public with passengers taking to social media to voice their concerns and some demanding that the Max 8 be grounded globally while safety checks take place.
The scare has wiped billions of dollars off the market value of the world’s biggest planemaker, as the Boeing Co share closed five per cent down on Monday having fallen by as much as 13.5 per cent at one point.
Investigators have recovered the black box flight recorders from the Nairobi-bound Ethiopian Airlines plane, which was carrying passengers and crew from 35 countries, including some two dozen UN staff.
The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said Monday it was ordering Boeing to improve anti-stalling software and the model’s maneuvering system, giving the company until the end of April to make the updates.
But the body ruled out grounding the fleet for now. It said investigations had ‘just begun’ and so far no data had been provided to ‘draw any conclusions or take any actions.’
‘If we identify an issue that affects safety, the FAA will take immediate and appropriate action,’ it said in a statement.
Countries and carriers around the globe that have grounded 737 Max 8
A number of countries have grounded Boeing’s 737 MAX 8 medium-haul workhorse jet in response to the Ethiopian Airlines crash that killed all 157 people on board.
The Nairobi-bound plane was the same type as the Indonesian Lion Air jet that crashed in October, killing 189 passengers and crew – and some officials have detected similarities between the two accidents.
There are some 350 of the 737 MAX 8 planes currently in service around the world. While some countries and airlines have opted to ground the planes, others are continuing to fly the aircraft pending an investigation into the crash and possible guidance from Boeing itself.
Boeing, which has sent experts to assist in the Ethiopia probe, says safety is its ‘number one priority’.
Countries that have grounded 737 MAX 8s
Singapore: Singapore’s aviation regulator Tuesday completely banned the use of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft in the country’s airspace.
The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) said it was ‘temporarily suspending operation of all variants of the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft into and out of Singapore’ in light of the two recent accidents.
China: Beijing Monday ordered domestic airlines to suspend operation of the Boeing 737 MAX 8, citing the two crashes.
Noting ‘similarities’ between the two incidents, China’s Civil Aviation Administration said operation of the model would only resume after ‘confirming the relevant measures to effectively ensure flight safety’.
China is a hugely important market for the US aircraft company, accounting for about one-fifth of worldwide deliveries of Boeing 737 MAX models.
Indonesia: Indonesia said it was grounding its 11 jets of the 737 MAX 8 type.
Inspections of the aircraft would start Tuesday and the planes would remain grounded until they were cleared by safety regulators, Director General of Air Transport Polana Pramesti told reporters.
South Korea: South Korea’s transport ministry said Tuesday it had advised Eastar Jet, the nation’s only airline to operate Boeing 737 MAX 8s, to ground its two planes. The budget airline had agreed to suspend its use of the aircraft starting Wednesday, it added.
Mongolia: The Mongolian Civil Aviation Authority said on Facebook it had ordered the state carrier MIAT Mongolian Airlines to ground the sole Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft in its fleet.
Australia: Australia on Tuesday barred Boeing 737 MAX planes from its airspace. Fiji Airways is the only 737 MAX operator affected by the Australian ban, according to Australia’s Civil Aviation Safety Authority, as Singapore-based SilkAir’s planes were already covered by a ban imposed by the city-state.
Airlines that have grounded jets
Ethiopian Airlines: Ethiopian Airlines said Monday it had grounded its Boeing 737 MAX 8 fleet ‘until further notice’.
‘Although we don’t yet know the cause of the accident, we have to decide to ground the particular fleet as an extra safety precaution,’ said the state-owned carrier, Africa’s largest.
Comair: South African airline Comair said it had ‘decided to remove its 737 MAX from its flight schedule’.
Cayman Airways: Cayman Airways CEO Fabian Whorms said it would suspend flights for its two 737 MAX 8 planes ‘until more information is received’.
Gol Airlines: Brazil’s Gol Airlines said it was temporarily suspending its commercial operations with the plane.
Aeromexico: Aeromexico, which has six 737 MAX 8s in its fleet, announced that it was grounding the aircraft.
Aerolineas Argentinas: Argentina’s flagship carrier said late Monday that it had suspended the operation of its five 737 MAX 8s pending the result of investigations into the crash of the Ethiopian Airlines plane. Earlier its pilots had refused to fly the jet.
Countries still flying jets
America: Boeing, which has sent experts to assist in the Ethiopia probe, said safety is its ‘number one priority’.
‘The investigation is in its early stages, but at this point, based on the information available, we do not have any basis to issue new guidance to operators,’ the US manufacturer said in a statement.
The US Federal Aviation Administration said it would take ‘immediate’ action if there were safety concerns.
Southwest Airlines, which operates 34 of the 737 MAX 8 planes, said: ‘We remain confident in the safety and airworthiness of our fleet of more than 750 Boeing aircraft.’
A person with knowledge of the matter told AFP that American Airlines planned to continue operating its two dozen 737 MAX 8s.
Russia: Russian airline S7 said it was closely following the crash investigation and was in contact with Boeing, but had received no instructions to stop flying the 737 MAX 8.
Turkey: The CEO of Turkish Airlines, which flies 11 Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft, said in a tweet that the carrier would fly the planes as scheduled, adding that the airline was in touch with Boeing and that passenger security was paramount.
Italy: Air Italy said it would follow all directives ‘to ensure the maximum level of safety and security’. In the meantime, the planes remained in the air.
Iceland: Icelandair operates three Boeing 737 MAX 8. Its operations chief told Frettabladid newspaper it would be ‘premature’ to link the crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia together.
This could change depending on the outcome of an ongoing probe but ‘for now, there is no reason to fear these machines’.
Norway: Norwegian Air Shuttle, which operates 18 Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft, said it would keep them in the air.
Dubai: Airline Flydubai said it was ‘monitoring the situation’ and it was ‘confident in the airworthiness of our fleet’.
Oman: Oman Air said it was in contact with Boeing ‘to understand if there are any implications for other airlines operating the same model’.
India: India’s aviation regulator said Monday that it had imposed additional ‘interim’ safety requirements for ground engineers and crew for the aircraft, but stopped short of ordering their grounding.
A page of a flight crew operations manual is seen at the scene of the Ethiopian Airlines Flight plane crash today
Pictures have emerged showing the scale of the crash site from above. Diggers have been excavating the site in a bid to locate bodies
The disaster was the second deadly incident involving the new model of Boeing passenger jet in less than five months, prompting concern over its safety
As many as 19 UN workers were feared to have been killed in the crash, the number being so high because of its environmental forum which started on Monday
Ethiopian Airlines chief executive Tewolde Gebremariam said the pilot had sent out a distress call and was given the all-clear to return to the airport
Last last night, Boeing Co confirmed it will deploy a software upgrade to the 737 MAX 8, a few hours after the FAA said it would mandate ‘design changes’ in the aircraft by April.
Boeing did not reference Sunday’s Ethiopian Airlines crash in connection to the software upgrade. The statement did express the company’s condolences to the relatives of the 157 people who died, however.
The company said in the aftermath of October’s Lion Air Flight crash it has for several months ‘been developing a flight control software enhancement for the 737 MAX, designed to make an already safe aircraft even safer.’
The software upgrade ‘will be deployed across the 737 MAX fleet in the coming weeks,’ it said.
Meanwhile, Australia’s civil aviation safety authority this morning suspended the MAX aircraft from flying to or from the country.
‘This is a temporary suspension while we wait for more information to review the safety risks of continued operations of the Boeing 737 MAX to and from Australia,’ Australia’s Civil Aviation Safety Authority CEO Shane Carmody said in a statement.
US plane maker Boeing is facing questions over the safety of one of its key aircraft models after an Ethiopian Airlines jet crashed killing 157 – the second disaster involving a 737 MAX 8 in just five months. Pictured: The crash scene yesterday
Aftermath: Parts of the plane’s landing gear lie in the soil at the crash site some 40 miles from Addis Ababa
The graphic shows how the plane’s vertical speed fluctuated in the minute before it crashed near Addis Ababa airport
Singapore regulators’ have announced that all types of MAX aircraft were banned from its airspace. That came after China ordered domestic airlines to suspend commercial operations of the MAX 8, and Indonesia grounded its entire fleet of the jets for inspections.
Ethiopian Airlines has grounded its remaining MAX 8 jets, while airlines in South Africa, Brazil and Mexico have taken theirs out of service and pilots from Argentina’s Aerolineas Argentinas are refusing to fly them.
The Malaysian government ordered an urgent review of orders for several MAX aircrafts by flag carrier Malaysia Airlines.
Several airlines have said they are not cancelling MAX 8 flights, however, while US carriers appear to retain confidence in the manufacturer.
Britain’s only airline to operate the jet, TUI Airways, has insisted it will not ground its fleet. The UK’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has also said that the Max 8 could continue to operate from Britain.
TUI and Norwegian are the only airlines that currently fly the aircraft in Britain. TUI owns 15 of the planes, flying out of Manchester.
Norwegian, which operates flights from London Gatwick and Edinburgh, has 18.
Newlywed husband received a text from wife while she was on board doomed Ethiopian jet… but she was dead before he was able to reply
Indian newlywed Shikha Garg texted her husband from the doomed Ethiopian Airlines jet – but was dead before he could reply
An Indian newly-wed received a text from his wife while she was on board the doomed Ethiopian Airlines jet – but she was dead before he was able to reply, it has emerged.
Shikha Garg, who was travelling to a UN meeting in Nairobi, had married Soumya Bhattacharya less than three months ago after dating him for three years.
Bhattacharya was also supposed to fly with her to Nairobi but a last-minute change in plans meant he stayed back in New Delhi, the Times of India reported.
‘I have boarded the flight and will call you once I land,’ Garg texted.
But before the husband could type a reply, his phone buzzed and a caller informed him about the plane crash, the newspaper said.
Bhattacharya had also bought a flight ticket for Nairobi but cancelled it because of an urgent meeting.
The couple, who lived in New Delhi, had instead planned a vacation after Garg’s return from Nairobi, where she was due to attend the annual assembly of the UN Environment Programme.
On Monday Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj said she was unable to get in touch with Garg’s family and appealed for help on Twitter.
Later she said she had managed to speak to Garg’s bereaved family members as well as those of other three Indians who died in the crash
Garg was a consultant with the Indian environment ministry and had taken part in the negotiations leading to the 2015 Paris climate accord.
The ‘brand new’ Boeing 737 MAX 8 took off from Bole International Airport and reached an altitude of 8,600ft before coming crashing down 37 miles from Addis Ababa
The Nairobi-bound Boeing 737 MAX 8 crashed just minutes after an early-morning takeoff Sunday from Addis Ababa.
People holding passports from 35 countries were on board including some two dozen UN staff.
The aircraft was the same type as the Indonesian Lion Air plane that crashed in October, killing 189 passengers and crew.
The latest crash has prompted airlines across the world to begin withdrawing the model from schedules.
Indian regulators Monday ordered additional maintenance checks on Boeing 737 MAX 8 planes but ruled out any immediate grounding of the fleet.
India’s Spicejet and Jet Airways together operate 17 of the planes.
Jet, which has had to ground parts of its fleet in recent weeks due to its financial woes, said none of its Boeing 737 MAX aircraft was operational at present.
A TUI spokesman said: ‘TUI Airways remain in close contact with the manufacturer and regulatory authorities and we have no indication that we cannot safely operate our 737 MAX aircraft. The safety and wellbeing of our customers and staff remains our primary concern.’
Tui ordered 32 Max aircraft as part of a major fleet overhaul and took delivery of its first Max 8 in December.
It was the first UK-registered airline to receive one of the new Boeing aircraft and plans to roll out its orders over the next five years.
A spokesman for the UK Civil Aviation Authority said there are currently five MAX 8s registered and operational in Britain with a sixth aircraft due to enter operation for Tui later this week.
Transport minister Baroness Sugg said the Civil Aviation Authority was working closely with the European Aviation Safety Agency.
She said: ‘The current position is more information is needed to warrant any grounding decision.’
Are 737 Max 8 jets safe? Boeing faces troubling questions after second crash in five months
Boeing issued a safety warning last November about its new 737 Max jets which could have a fault that causes them to nose-dive.
The special bulletin sent to operators was about a sensor problem flagged by Indonesian safety officials investigating the crash of a Lion Air 737 that killed 189 people just a week before the memo was sent.
Since the 737 Max was unveiled in 2017, 350 of the jets have been bought, with around a further future 4,761 orders placed. More than 40 airlines around the world use the 737 Max, which has four kinds in the fleet, numbered 7, 8, 9 and 10.
Airlines such as Norwegian Air, Air China, TUI, Air Canada, United Airlines, American Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Icelandair and FlyDubai use the aircraft with hundreds in operation around the world.
The 8 series, which was involved in the crash in Indonesia, has only been in commercial use since 2017.
Boeing said in November that local aviation officials believed pilots may have been given wrong information by the plane’s automated systems before the fatal crash.
An AOA sensor provides data about the angle at which wind is passing over the wings and tells pilots how much lift a plane is getting.
According to a technical log the Lion Air plane, which had only been in service a few months, suffered instrument problems the day before because of an ‘unreliable’ airspeed reading.
The MAX models are relatively new but has already been investigated after problems reported. Pictured: Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 (stock image)
Minutes after take-off the plane suddenly nose-dived hitting speeds of 600mph before slamming into the sea.
The warning issued today read: ‘The Indonesian National Transportation Safety Committee has indicated that Lion Air flight 610 experienced erroneous input from one of its AOA (Angle of Attack) sensors.
‘Boeing issued an Operations Manual Bulletin (OMB) directing operators to existing flight crew procedures to address circumstances where there is erroneous input from an AOA sensor.’
As a result of an investigation into the crash the jet manufacturer is said to be preparing a bulletin to be sent to operators of the 737 jets warning about faulty cockpit readings that could cause a dive.
The notice refers to the ‘angle of attack’, which is the angle of the wing relative to oncoming air stream, a measure that indicates if a plane is likely to stall.
This angle of attack, which is a calculation of the angle at which the wind is passing over the wings, is used to be determined if a stall is imminent.
Inspectors found faults on two other Boeing 737 MAX jets, including one which mirrored a problem reported on board the Lion Air plane.
But Labour peer Lord Tunnicliffe, a former pilot, urged the Government to immediately ground the Boeing plane.
He said: ‘In my day we had a rule – If it can go wrong it will go wrong. The industry seems to have lost sight of this rule. I believe everybody involved will be shown to be in dereliction of their duty.’
Holidaymakers took to social media to voice their concerns. Lucy Barcoo asked TUI on Twitter: ‘Can you please tell me which type of aircraft my flight home from Ibiza will be on please? Very concerned about the Boeing 737 Max.’
Michael Bibby wrote: ‘TUI need to ground the death plane until Boeing provide a proper fix!’
In the US, passengers on an American Airlines flight from Miami were heard expressing their concerns to a flight attendant.
One, a 38-year-old woman named Kate, told the New York Post: ‘All I heard the flight attendant say was, ‘If you have a Toyota crash, do you take all the Toyotas off the road?’
‘I fly a lot so I try not to think about what the potential outcomes could be.’
Others told the newspaper they would not have taken the trip had they known the aircraft was a Max 8 – the model involved in the Ethiopian Airlines disaster.
Another passenger said: ‘Good thing I didn’t know about that. Had I known I’d probably still be where I was at.’
And a woman named as Carly M. added: ‘It’s really scary.’
Boeing has described the MAX series as its fastest-selling family of planes, with more than 5,000 orders placed to date from about 100 customers.
But not since the 1970s – when the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 had successive fatal incidents – has a new model been involved in two deadly accidents in such a short period.
The weekend crash sent Boeing shares nosediving as much as 12 percent on Monday.
The plane involved in Sunday’s crash was less than four months old, with Ethiopian Airlines saying it was delivered on November 15.
It went down near the village of Tulu Fara, some 40 miles (60 kilometers) east of Addis Ababa.
One witness has told The Associated Press that smoke was coming from the plane’s rear before it crashed in a rural field. ‘The plane rotated two times in the air, and it had some smoke coming from the back then, it hit the ground and exploded,’ Tamrat Abera said.
Inhabitants of the remote area looked on from behind a security cordon as inspectors searched the crash site and excavated it with a mechanical digger.
The single-aisle Boeing jet had left a deep, black crater.
Ethiopian Airlines said the pilot was given clearance to turn around after indicating problems shortly before the plane disappeared from radar.
The airline’s chief executive Tewolde GebreMariam said the plane had flown in from Johannesburg early Sunday, spent three hours in Addis and was ‘dispatched with no remark,’ meaning no problems were flagged.
The crash cast a pall over a gathering of the UN Environment Programme as it opened in Nairobi – at least 22 staff from several UN agencies were on board the doomed flight.
Delegates hugged and comforted one another as they arrived at the meeting with the UN flag flying at half-mast.
Other passengers included tourists and business travelers.
Kenya had the highest death toll among the nationalities on the flight with 32, according to Ethiopian Airlines. Canada was next with 18 victims.
There were also passengers from other countries including Ethiopia, Italy, the US, Britain and France.
Among those on board was Italian archaeologist Sebastiano Tusa, 66, his wife Valeria Patrizia Li Vigni was quoted as saying by the Corriere della Sera newspaper.
On Sunday, ‘the friends I met at mass said I shouldn’t worry because bad news travels fast,’ she said.
‘In the end it arrived anyway, and it destroyed my life. I felt the disaster coming… He hadn’t even wanted to go.’