Brexit is set to be delayed from March 29 after MPs voted 412 to 202 in favour of extending Article 50 tonight.
Theresa May appears certain to have a third attempt to get her Brexit deal agreed by MPs early next week but whatever happens will ask the EU for more time at a summit next Thursday.
If her deal does finally get agreed by MPs she will ask for a three month extension and if it does not will seek to agree a longer delay – potentially of up to two years. All EU countries must agree unanimously and could attach conditions.
After a shattering week of defeat and embarrassment tonight, the Prime Minister won a series of votes tonight to underline her strategy. But she did not escape without deep new splits in her Cabinet after Mrs May was forced to give Tories a free vote on delay.
The Government defeated by 314 to 312 a cross party amendment from Labour’s Hilary Benn and Yvette Cooper with Tory Oliver Letwin wanted to cancel Government business next Wednesday. The PM only won because six Labour and four Independent MPs voted against the Remainer plot.
Theresa May laughs on the Government benches on Thursday as she finally found herself on the winning side of a Commons vote after bruising defeats on her Brexit deal and a possible cliff-edge exit this week
Theresa May is driven away from the Houses of Parliament on Thursday night. She is expected put her Brexit plans to a vote for a third time next week
Mrs May then won a vote on delaying Brexit beyond March 29 412 to 202. Any delay will still have to be agreed by the European Union.
MPs earlier voted against a second referendum – crushing it 334 to 85 in the first Commons contest on the idea.
Talks ahead of the third meaningful vote are focused on using the 1969 Vienna Convention to tweak legal advice – but few think Mrs May can bring 75 rebels back to the fold and over turn Tuesday night’s shattering 149-vote defeat.
Brexiteer rebels are incandescent with the Government after Remain ministers abstained last night to let a motion ruling out No Deal forever pass by 43 votes.
Last night, the Prime Minister told Parliament she must have clarity on what it will support before she meets EU leaders in Brussels next Thursday.
Mrs May has said if MPs have backed a deal she will ask for a short technical extension that postpones Brexit to the end of June. If they want a more fundamental change of tack she will ask for much more time.
EU leaders must agree unanimously on the terms of delay – and Britain will not get a vote on the decision at the summit.
Mrs May sits on the front bench alongside Philip Hammond during a third consecutive night of high-stakes Brexit votes
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn leaves the Houses of Parliament on Thursday night. He said Labour backed a People’s Vote
Theresa May appears certain to have a third attempt to get her Brexit deal agreed by MPs early next week but whatever happens will ask the EU for more time at a summit next Thursday
Tory ministers gathered in Downing Street this afternoon for a ‘political Cabinet’ – a meeting without Civil Servants to discuss the party political ramifications of the Brexit crisis. It is first first time several ministers (including from left Amber Rudd, Greg Clark and David Gauke today) defied orders and abstained on a vote to rule out No Deal last night
As he opened today’s debate on delaying Article 50, Cabinet Office minister David Lidington said MPs would be allowed to choose their preferred Brexit option if they rejected a deal and short extension of the Brexit process in favour of a long extension.
How would indicative votes work?
Remain MPs are poised to seize control of the Commons agenda today and stage ‘indicative votes’ on the different Brexit options.
The idea is to take all viable versions of a Brexit and pit them against each to find the most popular. To qualify as viable, an idea needs backing from at least 25 MPs drawn from five parties.
The amendment tabled today does not specify exactly how the votes work.
Two possibilities are:
- Normal Commons procedure asks MPs to vote Aye or No to a question. This could be used on a succession of different possibilities – but raises the risk of MPs rejecting everything and causing more chaos.
- Veteran Tory MP Ken Clarke has previously suggested using a ballot paper featuring all viable plans and telling MPs to rank them. This would create a best supported plan – but would not prove it commanded a simple majority of MPs.
He said: ‘We basically have two options.
‘First, if the House approved a meaningful vote by March 20 and agreed a timetable for the EU Withdrawal Agreement Bill, we could expect the European Union to agree to a short technical extension to allow the necessary legislation to be carried through.
‘If that proves, for whatever reason, not to be possible we would be faced with the prospect of choosing only a long extension, during which the House would need to face up to the choices in front of it and the consequences of the decisions that it has taken.
‘But the Government recognises the House will require time to consider the potential ways forward in such a scenario.
‘In such a scenario the Government, having consulted the usual channels at that time, would facilitate a process in the two weeks after the March European Council to allow the House to seek a majority on the way forward.’
Ahead of the votes, a People’s Vote campaign spokesman said: ‘We do not think today is the right time to test the will of the House on the case for a new public vote.
‘Instead, this is the time for Parliament to declare it wants an extension of Article 50 so that, after two-and-a-half years of vexed negotiations, our political leaders can finally decide on what Brexit means.’
The tellers prepare to announce the result of one of the votes on Thursday night as the Prime Minister watches on
In a desperate effort to avoid a third night of humiliating defeat, Theresa May’s deputy David Lidington (pictured today in the Commons) promised MPs the Govenrment would stage its own indicative votes after next week’s EU summit if the Brexit deal fails again
A plan to stage ‘indicative votes’ on what kind of alternative Brexit Parliament might support was chosen by Speaker John Bercow today ahead of the latest round of votes at 5pm. Mr Bercow faced fury from Brexiteer Mark Francois after he ignored an amendment seeking to block a second referendum on Brexit
What are the amendments in front of MPs as they debate how to delay Brexit?
MPs are debating how and when to delay Brexit today – and there are four amendments to Theresa May’s proposal of seeking a short delay if MPs pass the deal before the EU Council and a longer delay if they back something else.
Votes will begin at 5pm tonight and will pave the way for how long Brexit is delayed after March 29.
Amendment I (Yvette Cooper and Oliver Letwin) to seize control of the Commons and stage indicative votes on Brexit next week
Tabled by a cross-party group of pro-EU MPs, the Yvette Cooper and Oliver Letwin plan says MPs should be given control of the Commons agenda to stage indicative votes. It would set all the options and force MPs to decide
Amendment H (TIG) to delay Brexit for for a second referendum
Tabled by Independent Group MP Sarah Wollaston and backed by members of the new grouping, Liberal Democrats and a handful from other parties, this amendment seeks an Article 50 extension to stage a second referendum with Remain and Parliament’s preferred Brexit option on the ballot paper.
Amendment E (Labour) to delay Brexit to give Parliament time to choose a Brexit
Labour’s amendment notes that Parliament has “decisively” rejected both Mrs May’s deal and no deal and calls for a delay to Brexit “to provide parliamentary time for this House to find a majority for a different approach”.
Amendment J (Labour’s Chris Bryant) to block a third meaningful vote
Labour MP Chris Bryant’s amendment says Theresa May should be blocked from bringing her deal back for a third approval vote next week.
This morning EU Council President Donald Tusk said he will urge EU leaders to agree a ‘long extension’ to Article 50 – delaying Brexit by up to two years to give the UK time to ‘rethink’ – if Mrs May‘s deal is voted down a third time.
Speaker John Bercow is accused of showing bias over Brexit AGAIN
Speaker John Bercow was accused of bias today after rejecting a Brexiteer-led amendment aimed at killing off a second referendum.
Essex MP Bernard Jenkin suggested Mr Bercow was showing pro-Remain bias: ‘What are we to conclude from your own views on these matters?’
The Speaker said: ‘He’s not to conclude anything from that’.
The row broke out when Tory Brexiteer Mark Francois and others were upset the Speaker hadn’t selected a motion to rule out a second referendum signed by 127 MPs from across the Commons.
A number of other Brexiteer MPs including Jacob Rees-Mogg also expressed fury at Mr Bercow’s decision not to select amendment B, which sought to reject a second Brexit referendum.
Deputy chairman of the ERG bloc of Eurosceptic Tories, Mark Francois said it was signed by ‘127 members of this house including the entirety of the DUP, 13 members of the Labour Party, and one independent to boot’ as well as more than 100 Conservatives.
Mr Bercow hit back, saying that ‘members do have to take the rough with the smooth’, adding that while it is true the number of signatories is important it is ‘not the only factor’.
In December Commons leader Andrea Leadsom accused John Bercow of bias over Brexit after he hammered the Government for cancelling a showdown vote on the deal.
Mr Bercow, who must be strictly independent as he oversees Commons debates, revealed he voted for remain in the EU referendum.
The admission, made during a talk he gave to students last year, sparked a storm of criticism as many said he should have kept his views secret given his role.
And in January he was accused of anti-Brexit bias after helping secure a major Government defeat in the Commons.
The row broke out after he tore up parliamentary procedures and over-ruled his own officials to permit a vote designed to tie Downing Street’s hands. His decision led to a stand-up row behind the scenes with Tory chief whip Julian Smith, who accused him of trying to frustrate Brexit.
In extraordinary scenes at Westminster, Conservative MPs confronted Mr Bercow, branding him ‘no longer neutral’ and ‘out of order’. A Cabinet minister accused him of ‘degrading’ his office.
The President of the European Council’s intervention on Twitter this morning will bolster claims that the UK would not leave the EU until 2021 unless Mrs May can persuade the DUP and Brexiteers to back her divorce deal – because some in the EU want to play ‘hardball’ and push for a delay of two years.
Ireland’s Foreign Minister Simon Coveney said today the EU is likely to offer Britain a 21-month delay to Brexit while Taoiseach Leo Varadkar said: ‘What I hope now is things that had been ruled out can be reconsidered such as the customs union and the single market’.
The PM’s deal will be put to another vote next week, just 15 days before the country is due to leave the EU on 29 March, after MPs including a ‘gang of four’ rebellious Cabinet members helped to vote to permanently rule out No Deal Brexit.
May told the Commons that is she loses a third time she will forced to ask Brussels for a long delay to Britain’s departure from the EU at a summit on Thursday.
Today Chancellor Philip Hammond hinted that Attorney General Geoffrey Cox could revisit his legal advice on whether Britain would be trapped in the Irish backstop ‘indefinitely’ – giving Brexiteers and the DUP a reason to climbdown and back May’s deal.
But members of the Tory Brexit group ERG have already refused to budge with MP Steve Baker saying ‘come what may we will continue to vote down the deal’ while Mark Francois insists Mrs May’s deal is ‘not a win – it’s a lose’, adding: ‘I was in the Army I wasn’t trained to lose’.
Mrs May’s tattered authority faces being drained away even further tonight after a cross party group of Remain MPs led by Tory Oliver Letwin and Labour’s Yvette Cooper tabled an amendment to tonight’s vote on delaying Brexit that would set up indicative votes on what MPs do want.
If the plan passes tonight, MPs would seize control of the Commons agenda next week to stage the debate and votes in an unprecedented collapse of ministerial power.
Making it clear that only Theresa May quitting could restore order former Tory minister George Freeman said: ‘This chaos can’t continue.
‘Something has to give. If, to get the votes for that, the PM has to promise that she will go after the Withdrawal Treaty is secure, to allow a new leader to reunite the country and oversee the next stage, she should’.
The DUP is said to have held talks with ministers last night and Tory Simon Clarke – sho has so far voted against the PM’s deal admitting he and other Eurosceptics could vote for the deal ‘with a gun to my head’ – a nod to the fact that a harder Brexit is slipping away.
And piling more pressure on European Council President Donald Tusk said he ‘will appeal to the EU27 to be open to a long extension if the UK finds it necessary to rethink its Brexit strategy and build consensus around it.’
Donald Tusk today revealed he will urge EU leaders to agree a ‘long extension’ to Article 50 as
Last night, amid chaotic scenes, MPs voted twice against No Deal as a raft of pro-EU ministers abandoned the PM in a crucial vote and abstained. In the main division, MPs voted 321 to 278 to rule out No Deal.
The Prime Minister then set a deadline of next Wednesday for MPs to pass her deal or face the prospect of a long extension to Britain’s membership of the EU.
People’s Vote campaign refuses to back second referendum bid
The People’s Vote campaign came out against a bid for a second referendum today.
MPs will vote directly on a new public vote for the first time tonight after Independent Group MP Sarah Wollaston tabled an amendment to Theresa May’s motion on delaying Brexit.
But People’s Vote admitted its supporters would divide in favour, against and abstention tonight.
A spokesman said: ‘We do not think today is the right time to test the will of the House on the case for a new public vote.
‘Instead, this is the time for Parliament to declare it wants an extension of Article 50 so that, after two-and-a-half years of vexed negotiations, our political leaders can finally decide on what Brexit means.’
Her comments imply No10 is planning for one last heave in a desperate bid to get the deal over the line.
It comes as Attorney General Geoffrey Cox was said to be considering additions to his legal advice on Mrs May’s deal in a way that could persuade both Brexiteer Tories and the PM’s DUP allies to back the proposal.
Chief whip Julian Smith help meetings with the DUP to discuss Brexit yesterday, amid widespread speculation Mr Cox could highlight a new way of the UK leaving the controversial Irish backstop – if it is seen to undermine the Good Friday Agreement.
The advice was not included in his formal letter to the Prime Minister this week. But it was mentioned briefly during exchanges on Tuesday night between Brexit Secretary Steve Barclay and leading Brexiteer Jacob Rees-Mogg, who is also said to be interested in the idea.
One senior Tory Eurosceptic told the Mail they believed the fresh advice would help reassure the DUP – and Tory Brexiteers – that the backstop was not permanent, removing the fear that the UK could be trapped in a customs union against its will.
‘I think that would be enough to get it over the line,’ the MP said.
The Cabinet discussed the possibility of reviving the deal yesterday, although Mrs May is said to have given no indication of her plans.
The new defeats prompted Mrs May to tell MPs they have a week to agree her Brexit deal or face delaying the country’s exit from the EU – potentially for years.
Tonight the Commons will vote on whether to ask EU leaders for an extension to Article 50, but Brussels has indicated it will not automatically agree to the request.
With a new ‘meaningful vote’ looming – just 24 hours after the ailing PM lost the second one by 149 votes – deep splits began to emerge among Brexit hardliners.
The leaders of the European Research Group Jacob Rees-Mogg, Steve Baker and Mark Francois vowed to fight on for a No Deal and defeat Mrs May’s deal for a third time.
The 37 Tories who turned on Brexit and the PM
The 12 Conservative cabinet members and ministers who abstained:
Solicitor General Robert Buckland, Foreign Office minister Alistair Burt, Business Secretary Greg Clark, Defence minister Tobias Ellwood, Justice Secretary David Gauke, Business minister Richard Harrington, Health minister Stephen Hammond, Culture minister Margot James, Education minister Anne Milton, Scottish Secretary David Mundell, Business minister Claire Perry and Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd.
The 18 other Tory MPs who abstained
Bim Afolami, Alberto Costa, Stephen Crabb, Vicky Ford, Mike Freer, Richard Graham, Damian Green, Sir Oliver Heald, Peter Heaton-Jones, Simon Hoare, Nigel Huddleston, Joe Johnson, Dame Eleanor Laing, Jeremy Lefroy, Victoria Prentis, Keith Simpson, Dame Caroline Spelman, Sir Gary Streeter,
The 17 Conservatives who voted against the PM:
Guto Bebb (Aberconwy), Richard Benyon (Newbury), Nick Boles (Grantham and Stamford), Kenneth Clarke (Rushcliffe), Jonathan Djanogly (Huntingdon), George Freeman (Mid Norfolk), Justine Greening (Putney), Dominic Grieve (Beaconsfield), Sam Gyimah (East Surrey), Phillip Lee (Bracknell), Oliver Letwin (West Dorset), Paul Masterton (East Renfrewshire), Sarah Newton (Truro and Falmouth), Mark Pawsey (Rugby), Antoinette Sandbach (Eddisbury), Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex), Edward Vaizey (Wantage).
After the votes, Mrs May warned the Commons it must ‘face up to the consequences’ of its votes over the past two days. MPs crushed her Brexit deal in a second so-called meaningful vote last night.
She said if her deal is not successful at a third meaningful vote, the EU would demand a long extension and Britain would have to take part in the European Parliament elections on May 23.
Mrs May said ‘the options before us are the same as they always have been’ despite MPs voting to reject a no-deal Brexit.
Amid open rebellion against Mrs May, Truro and Falmouth MP Sarah Newton resigned as a minister at the Department for Work and Pensions, after defying the whips to vote for the cross-party proposal.
So what happens now? May plots vote on Brexit delay after No Deal showdown
The Government’s defeat and apparent lack of control over events paves the way for a dramatic series of votes tomorrow that could play a pivotal role in determining when the UK leaves the European Union.
How it unfolds will greatly affect what, if any, bargaining power the Prime Minister has when she goes to the European Council in Brussels to ask for a delay to Brexit on March 21.
Mrs May will set out two scenarios.
Firstly, if they pass a Brexit deal before the meeting of EU leaders in the Belgian capital, she will ask for a three-month extension to June 30 to allow it to be ratified by member states.
But if they do not manage to pass a deal before March 21 it sets out clearly that she will be forced to ask for a longer extension to look at alternatives, potentially for years.
Implicit in this is a threat to Brexiteers to get behind her deal at the third time of asking, or deal with the alternative.
Amid chaotic scenes, MPs first voted 312 to 308 in defiance of the Tory whips’ attempt to quash the plan to scrap No Deal for good. Mrs May had wanted to only rule it out on March 29 but keep it on the table as a bargaining tool in further talks.
Then, on a procedural second vote MPs voted 321 to 278 to confirm their original plan – defying a Government three line whip to block the rebel proposal at the second attempt.
The second defeat for the Government was worse because a raft of ministers – including Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd, Business Secretary Greg Clark and Justice Secretary David Gauke – abstained rather than vote against ruling out No Deal.
At least eight ministers refused to vote with the Prime Minister on her plans for No Deal – but Downing Street signalled they would not be fired unless they actively voted against.
The Commons also rejected a Brexiteer plan to try and secure radical 11th hour concessions from Brussels ahead of a delayed No Deal on May 22. MPs voted by a landslide 374 to 164 against the plan.
The immediate consequence is MPs will tomorrow vote on a motion about delaying Brexit. Mrs May will outline two choices in a debate tomorrow.
First she will say a short delay to June 30 could be agreed at next week’s EU Council – but only if they have passed the deal in a third ‘meaningful vote’ – which would have to be agreed by the end of next week.
If MPs refuse to do this, they must endorse an alternative Brexit plan and accept a much longer delay. The EU has hinted at a two year delay.
Speaking after the result was read out, the Prime Minister said: ‘The House has today provided a clear majority against leaving without a deal, however I will repeat what I said before.
‘These are about the choices this House faces. The legal default in EU and UK law is that the UK will leave without a deal unless something else is agreed. The onus is now on every one of us in this House to find out what that is.
‘The options before us are the same as they always have been.’
How did your MP vote last night? MPs sensationally took No Deal off the table 321 to 278
MPs voted in favour of an amended Government motion to reject a no-deal Brexit at any time and under any circumstances by 321 votes to 278, majority 43.
Labour Aye Votes (235)
Diane Abbott (Hackney North and Stoke Newington)
Debbie Abrahams (Oldham East and Saddleworth)
Rushanara Ali (Bethnal Green and Bow)
Rosena Allin-Khan (Tooting)
Mike Amesbury (Weaver Vale)
Tonia Antoniazzi (Gower)
Jonathan Ashworth (Leicester South)
Adrian Bailey (West Bromwich West)
Margaret Beckett (Derby South)
Hilary Benn (Leeds Central)
Clive Betts (Sheffield South East)
Roberta Blackman-Woods (City of Durham)
Paul Blomfield (Sheffield Central)
Tracy Brabin (Batley and Spen)
Ben Bradshaw (Exeter)
Kevin Brennan (Cardiff West), Lyn Brown (West Ham)
Nicholas Brown (Newcastle upon Tyne East)
Chris Bryant (Rhondda)
Karen Buck (Westminster North)
Richard Burden (Birmingham, Northfield)
Richard Burgon (Leeds East)
Dawn Butler (Brent Central)
Liam Byrne (Birmingham, Hodge Hill)
Ruth Cadbury (Brentford and Isleworth)
Ronnie Campbell (Blyth Valley)
Alan Campbell (Tynemouth)
Dan Carden (Liverpool, Walton)
Sarah Champion (Rotherham)
Jenny Chapman (Darlington)
Ann Clwyd (Cynon Valley)
Vernon Coaker (Gedling)
Julie Cooper (Burnley)
Rosie Cooper (West Lancashire)
Yvette Cooper (Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford)
Jeremy Corbyn (Islington North)
Neil Coyle (Bermondsey and Old Southwark)
David Crausby (Bolton North East)
Mary Creagh (Wakefield)
Stella Creasy (Walthamstow)
Jon Cruddas (Dagenham and Rainham)
John Cryer (Leyton and Wanstead)
Judith Cummins (Bradford South)
Alex Cunningham (Stockton North)
Jim Cunningham (Coventry South)
Janet Daby (Lewisham East)
Nic Dakin (Scunthorpe)
Wayne David (Caerphilly)
Geraint Davies (Swansea West)
Marsha De Cordova (Battersea)
Gloria De Piero (Ashfield)
Thangam Debbonaire (Bristol West)
Emma Dent Coad (Kensington)
Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi (Slough)
Anneliese Dodds (Oxford East)
Stephen Doughty (Cardiff South and Penarth)
Peter Dowd (Bootle)
David Drew (Stroud)
Jack Dromey (Birmingham, Erdington)
Rosie Duffield (Canterbury)
Maria Eagle (Garston and Halewood)
Angela Eagle (Wallasey)
Clive Efford (Eltham)
Julie Elliott (Sunderland Central)
Louise Ellman (Liverpool, Riverside)
Chris Elmore (Ogmore)
Bill Esterson (Sefton Central), Chris Evans (Islwyn)
Paul Farrelly (Newcastle-under-Lyme)
Jim Fitzpatrick (Poplar and Limehouse)
Colleen Fletcher (Coventry North East)
Caroline Flint (Don Valley)
Yvonne Fovargue (Makerfield)
Vicky Foxcroft (Lewisham, Deptford)
James Frith (Bury North)
Gill Furniss (Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough
Hugh Gaffney (Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill)
Barry Gardiner (Brent North)
Ruth George (High Peak)
Preet Kaur Gill (Birmingham, Edgbaston)
Mary Glindon (North Tyneside)
Roger Godsiff (Birmingham, Hall Green)
Helen Goodman (Bishop Auckland)
Kate Green (Stretford and Urmston)
Lilian Greenwood (Nottingham South)
Margaret Greenwood (Wirral West)
Nia Griffith (Llanelli)
John Grogan (Keighley)
Louise Haigh (Sheffield, Heeley)
Fabian Hamilton (Leeds North East)
David Hanson (Delyn)
Emma Hardy (Kingston upon Hull West and Hessle)
Harriet Harman (Camberwell and Peckham)
Carolyn Harris (Swansea East)
Helen Hayes (Dulwich and West Norwood)
Sue Hayman (Workington)
John Healey (Wentworth and Dearne)
Mark Hendrick (Preston)
Mike Hill (Hartlepool)
Meg Hillier (Hackney South and Shoreditch)
Margaret Hodge (Barking)
Sharon Hodgson (Washington and Sunderland West)
Kate Hollern (Blackburn)
George Howarth (Knowsley)
Rupa Huq (Ealing Central and Acton)
Imran Hussain (Bradford East)
Dan Jarvis (Barnsley Central)
Diana Johnson (Kingston upon Hull North)
Darren Jones (Bristol North West)
Gerald Jones (Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney)
Graham P Jones (Hyndburn)
Helen Jones (Warrington North)
Kevan Jones (North Durham)
Sarah Jones (Croydon Central)
Susan Elan Jones (Clwyd South)
Mike Kane (Wythenshawe and Sale East)
Barbara Keeley (Worsley and Eccles South)
Liz Kendall (Leicester West)
Afzal Khan (Manchester, Gorton)
Ged Killen (Rutherglen and Hamilton West)
Stephen Kinnock (Aberavon), Peter Kyle (Hove)
Lesley Laird (Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath)
David Lammy (Tottenham)
Ian Lavery (Wansbeck)
Karen Lee (Lincoln)
Emma Lewell-Buck (South Shields)
Clive Lewis (Norwich South)
Tony Lloyd (Rochdale)
Rebecca Long Bailey (Salford and Eccles)
Ian C. Lucas (Wrexham)
Holly Lynch (Halifax)
Justin Madders (Ellesmere Port and Neston)
Khalid Mahmood (Birmingham, Perry Barr)
Shabana Mahmood (Birmingham, Ladywood)
Seema Malhotra (Feltham and Heston)
Gordon Marsden (Blackpool South)
Sandy Martin (Ipswich)
Rachael Maskell (York Central)
Christian Matheson (City of Chester)
Steve McCabe (Birmingham, Selly Oak)
Kerry McCarthy (Bristol East)
Siobhain McDonagh (Mitcham and Morden)
Andy McDonald (Middlesbrough)
John McDonnell (Hayes and Harlington)
Pat McFadden (Wolverhampton South East)
Conor McGinn (St Helens North)
Alison McGovern (Wirral South)
Liz McInnes (Heywood and Middleton)
Catherine McKinnell (Newcastle upon Tyne North)
Jim McMahon (Oldham West and Royton)
Anna McMorrin (Cardiff North)
Ian Mearns (Gateshead
Edward Miliband (Doncaster North)
Madeleine Moon (Bridgend)
Jessica Morden (Newport East)
Stephen Morgan (Portsmouth South)
Grahame Morris (Easington)
Ian Murray (Edinburgh South)
Lisa Nandy (Wigan)
Alex Norris (Nottingham North)
Melanie Onn (Great Grimsby)
Chi Onwurah (Newcastle upon Tyne Central)
Kate Osamor (Edmonton)
Albert Owen (Ynys M?n)
Stephanie Peacock (Barnsley East)
Teresa Pearce (Erith and Thamesmead)
Matthew Pennycook (Greenwich and Woolwich)
Toby Perkins (Chesterfield)
Jess Phillips (Birmingham, Yardley)
Bridget Phillipson (Houghton and Sunderland South)
Laura Pidcock (North West Durham)
Jo Platt (Leigh
Luke Pollard (Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport)
Stephen Pound (Ealing North)
Lucy Powell (Manchester Central)
Yasmin Qureshi (Bolton South East)
Faisal Rashid (Warrington South)
Angela Rayner (Ashton-under-Lyne)
Steve Reed (Croydon North)
Christina Rees (Neath)
Ellie Reeves (Lewisham West and Penge)
Rachel Reeves (Leeds West)
Emma Reynolds (Wolverhampton North East
Jonathan Reynolds (Stalybridge and Hyde)
Marie Rimmer (St Helens South and Whiston)
Geoffrey Robinson (Coventry North West)
Matt Rodda (Reading East)
Danielle Rowley (Midlothian)
Chris Ruane (Vale of Clwyd
Lloyd Russell-Moyle (Brighton, Kemptown),
Naz Shah (Bradford West),
Virendra Sharma (Ealing, Southall),
Barry Sheerman (Huddersfield),
Paula Sherriff (Dewsbury),
Tulip Siddiq (Hampstead and Kilburn),
Dennis Skinner (Bolsover),
Andy Slaughter (Hammersmith),
Ruth Smeeth (Stoke-on-Trent North),
Cat Smith (Lancaster and Fleetwood),
Eleanor Smith (Wolverhampton South West),
Jeff Smith (Manchester, Withington),
Laura Smith (Crewe and Nantwich),
Owen Smith (Pontypridd),
Karin Smyth (Bristol South),
Gareth Snell (Stoke-on-Trent Central),
Alex Sobel (Leeds North West),
John Spellar (Warley),
Keir Starmer (Holborn and St Pancras),
Jo Stevens (Cardiff Central),
Wes Streeting (Ilford North),
Paul Sweeney (Glasgow North East),
Mark Tami (Alyn and Deeside),
Gareth Thomas (Harrow West),
Nick Thomas-Symonds (Torfaen),
Emily Thornberry (Islington South and Finsbury),
Stephen Timms (East Ham),
Jon Trickett (Hemsworth),
Anna Turley (Redcar),
Karl Turner (Kingston upon Hull East),
Derek Twigg (Halton),
Stephen Twigg (Liverpool, West Derby),
Liz Twist (Blaydon),
Keith Vaz (Leicester East),
Valerie Vaz (Walsall South),
Thelma Walker (Colne Valley),
Tom Watson (West Bromwich East),
Catherine West (Hornsey and Wood Green),
Matt Western (Warwick and Leamington),
Alan Whitehead (Southampton, Test),
Martin Whitfield (East Lothian),
Paul Williams (Stockton South),
Phil Wilson (Sedgefield),
Mohammad Yasin (Bedford),
Daniel Zeichner (Cambridge)
Tory No Votes (265)
Nigel Adams (Selby and Ainsty),
Adam Afriyie (Windsor),
Peter Aldous (Waveney),
Lucy Allan (Telford),
David Amess (Southend West),
Stuart Andrew (Pudsey),
Edward Argar (Charnwood),
Victoria Atkins (Louth and Horncastle),
Richard Bacon (South Norfolk),
Kemi Badenoch (Saffron Walden),
Steve Baker (Wycombe),
Harriett Baldwin (West Worcestershire),
Stephen Barclay (North East Cambridgeshire),
John Baron (Basildon and Billericay),
Henry Bellingham (North West Norfolk),
Paul Beresford (Mole Valley),
Jake Berry (Rossendale and Darwen),
Bob Blackman (Harrow East),
Crispin Blunt (Reigate),
Peter Bone (Wellingborough),
Peter Bottomley (Worthing West),
Andrew Bowie (West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine),
Ben Bradley (Mansfield),
Karen Bradley (Staffordshire Moorlands),
Graham Brady (Altrincham and Sale West),
Suella Braverman (Fareham), Jack Brereton (Stoke-on-Trent South),
Andrew Bridgen (North West Leicestershire),
Steve Brine (Winchester),
James Brokenshire (Old Bexley and Sidcup),
Fiona Bruce (Congleton),
Alex Burghart (Brentwood and Ongar),
Conor Burns (Bournemouth West),
Alun Cairns (Vale of Glamorgan),
James Cartlidge (South Suffolk),
William Cash (Stone),
Maria Caulfield (Lewes),
Alex Chalk (Cheltenham),
Rehman Chishti (Gillingham and Rainham),
Christopher Chope (Christchurch),
Jo Churchill (Bury St Edmunds),
Colin Clark (Gordon),
Simon Clarke (Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland),
James Cleverly (Braintree),
Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (The Cotswolds),
Therese Coffey (Suffolk Coastal),
Damian Collins (Folkestone and Hythe),
Robert Courts (Witney),
Geoffrey Cox (Torridge and West Devon),
Tracey Crouch (Chatham and Aylesford),
Chris Davies (Brecon and Radnorshire),
David T. C. Davies (Monmouth),
Glyn Davies (Montgomeryshire),
Mims Davies (Eastleigh),
Philip Davies (Shipley),
David Davis (Haltemprice and Howden),
Caroline Dinenage (Gosport),
Leo Docherty (Aldershot), Michelle Donelan (Chippenham),
Nadine Dorries (Mid Bedfordshire),
Steve Double (St Austell and Newquay),
Oliver Dowden (Hertsmere),
Jackie Doyle-Price (Thurrock),
Richard Drax (South Dorset),
James Duddridge (Rochford and Southend East),
David Duguid (Banff and Buchan),
Iain Duncan Smith (Chingford and Woodford Green),
Alan Duncan (Rutland and Melton),
Philip Dunne (Ludlow),
Michael Ellis (Northampton North),
Charlie Elphicke (Dover),
George Eustice (Camborne and Redruth),
Nigel Evans (Ribble Valley),
David Evennett (Bexleyheath and Crayford),
Michael Fabricant (Lichfield),
Michael Fallon (Sevenoaks),
Mark Field (Cities of London and Westminster),
Kevin Foster (Torbay),
Liam Fox (North Somerset),
Mark Francois (Rayleigh and Wickford),
Lucy Frazer (South East Cambridgeshire),
Marcus Fysh (Yeovil),
Roger Gale (North Thanet),
Mark Garnier (Wyre Forest),
Nusrat Ghani (Wealden),
Nick Gibb (Bognor Regis and Littlehampton),
Cheryl Gillan (Chesham and Amersham),
John Glen (Salisbury),
Zac Goldsmith (Richmond Park),
Robert Goodwill (Scarborough and Whitby),
Michael Gove (Surrey Heath),
Luke Graham (Ochil and South Perthshire),
Bill Grant (Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock),
Helen Grant (Maidstone and The Weald),
James Gray (North Wiltshire),
Chris Grayling (Epsom and Ewell),
Chris Green (Bolton West),
Andrew Griffiths (Burton),
Kirstene Hair (Angus),
Robert Halfon (Harlow),
Luke Hall (Thornbury and Yate),
Philip Hammond (Runnymede and Weybridge),
Matt Hancock (West Suffolk),
Greg Hands (Chelsea and Fulham),
Mark Harper (Forest of Dean),
Rebecca Harris (Castle Point),
Trudy Harrison (Copeland),
Simon Hart (Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire),
John Hayes (South Holland and The Deepings),
James Heappey (Wells),
Chris Heaton-Harris (Daventry),
Gordon Henderson (Sittingbourne and Sheppey),
Nick Herbert (Arundel and South Downs),
Damian Hinds (East Hampshire),
George Hollingbery (Meon Valley),
Kevin Hollinrake (Thirsk and Malton),
Philip Hollobone (Kettering), Adam Holloway (Gravesham),
John Howell (Henley),
Eddie Hughes (Walsall North),
Jeremy Hunt (South West Surrey),
Nick Hurd (Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner),
Sajid Javid (Bromsgrove),
Ranil Jayawardena (North East Hampshire),
Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex),
Andrea Jenkyns (Morley and Outwood),
Robert Jenrick (Newark),
Boris Johnson (Uxbridge and South Ruislip),
Caroline Johnson (Sleaford and North Hykeham),
Gareth Johnson (Dartford),
Andrew Jones (Harrogate and Knaresborough),
David Jones (Clwyd West),
Marcus Jones (Nuneaton),
Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury and Atcham),
Gillian Keegan (Chichester), Seema Kennedy (South Ribble),
Stephen Kerr (Stirling), Julian Knight (Solihull),
Greg Knight (East Yorkshire),
Kwasi Kwarteng (Spelthorne),
John Lamont (Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk),
Mark Lancaster (Milton Keynes North),
Pauline Latham (Mid Derbyshire),
Andrea Leadsom (South Northamptonshire),
Edward Leigh (Gainsborough),
Andrew Lewer (Northampton South),
Brandon Lewis (Great Yarmouth),
Julian Lewis (New Forest East),
Ian Liddell-Grainger (Bridgwater and West Somerset),
David Lidington (Aylesbury),
Julia Lopez (Hornchurch and Upminster),
Jack Lopresti (Filton and Bradley Stoke),
Jonathan Lord (Woking),
Tim Loughton (East Worthing and Shoreham),
Craig Mackinlay (South Thanet),
Rachel Maclean (Redditch),
Anne Main (St Albans),
Alan Mak (Havant),
Kit Malthouse (North West Hampshire),
Scott Mann (North Cornwall),
Theresa May (Maidenhead),
Paul Maynard (Blackpool North and Cleveleys),
Patrick McLoughlin (Derbyshire Dales),
Stephen McPartland (Stevenage),
Esther McVey (Tatton),
Mark Menzies (Fylde),
Johnny Mercer (Plymouth, Moor View),
Huw Merriman (Bexhill and Battle),
Stephen Metcalfe (South Basildon and East Thurrock),
Maria Miller (Basingstoke),
Amanda Milling (Cannock Chase),
Nigel Mills (Amber Valley),
Andrew Mitchell (Sutton Coldfield),
Damien Moore (Southport),
Penny Mordaunt (Portsmouth North),
Nicky Morgan (Loughborough),
Anne Marie Morris (Newton Abbot),
David Morris (Morecambe and Lunesdale),
James Morris (Halesowen and Rowley Regis),
Wendy Morton (Aldridge-Brownhills),
Sheryll Murray (South East Cornwall),
Andrew Murrison (South West Wiltshire),
Robert Neill (Bromley and Chislehurst),
Caroline Nokes (Romsey and Southampton North),
Jesse Norman (Hereford and South Herefordshire),
Neil O’Brien (Harborough),
Matthew Offord (Hendon),
Guy Opperman (Hexham),
Neil Parish (Tiverton and Honiton),
Priti Patel (Witham),
Owen Paterson (North Shropshire),
Mike Penning (Hemel Hempstead),
John Penrose (Weston-super-Mare),
Andrew Percy (Brigg and Goole),
Chris Philp (Croydon South),
Christopher Pincher (Tamworth),
Dan Poulter (Central Suffolk and North Ipswich),
Rebecca Pow (Taunton Deane),
Mark Prisk (Hertford and Stortford),
Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin),
Tom Pursglove (Corby),
Will Quince (Colchester),
Dominic Raab (Esher and Walton),
John Redwood (Wokingham),
Jacob Rees-Mogg (North East Somerset),
Laurence Robertson (Tewkesbury),
Mary Robinson (Cheadle),
Andrew Rosindell (Romford),
Douglas Ross (Moray),
Lee Rowley (North East Derbyshire),
David Rutley (Macclesfield),
Paul Scully (Sutton and Cheam),
Bob Seely (Isle of Wight),
Andrew Selous (South West Bedfordshire),
Grant Shapps (Welwyn Hatfield),
Alok Sharma (Reading West),
Alec Shelbrooke (Elmet and Rothwell),
Chris Skidmore (Kingswood),
Chloe Smith (Norwich North),
Henry Smith (Crawley),
Julian Smith (Skipton and Ripon),
Royston Smith (Southampton, Itchen),
Mark Spencer (Sherwood),
Andrew Stephenson (Pendle),
John Stevenson (Carlisle),
Bob Stewart (Beckenham),
Iain Stewart (Milton Keynes South),
Rory Stewart (Penrith and The Border),
Mel Stride (Central Devon),
Graham Stuart (Beverley and Holderness),
Julian Sturdy (York Outer),
Rishi Sunak (Richmond (Yorks)),
Desmond Swayne (New Forest West),
Hugo Swire (East Devon),
Robert Syms (Poole),
Derek Thomas (St Ives),
Ross Thomson (Aberdeen South),
Maggie Throup (Erewash),
Kelly Tolhurst (Rochester and Strood),
Justin Tomlinson (North Swindon),
Michael Tomlinson (Mid Dorset and North Poole),
Craig Tracey (North Warwickshire),
David Tredinnick (Bosworth),
Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Berwick-upon-Tweed),
Elizabeth Truss (South West Norfolk),
Tom Tugendhat (Tonbridge and Malling),
Shailesh Vara (North West Cambridgeshire),
Martin Vickers (Cleethorpes),
Theresa Villiers (Chipping Barnet),
Charles Walker (Broxbourne),
Robin Walker (Worcester),
Ben Wallace (Wyre and Preston North),
David Warburton (Somerton and Frome),
Matt Warman (Boston and Skegness),
Giles Watling (Clacton),
Helen Whately (Faversham and Mid Kent),
Heather Wheeler (South Derbyshire),
Craig Whittaker (Calder Valley),
John Whittingdale (Maldon),
Bill Wiggin (North Herefordshire),
Gavin Williamson (South Staffordshire),
Mike Wood (Dudley South),
William Wragg (Hazel Grove),
Jeremy Wright (Kenilworth and Southam),
Nadhim Zahawi (Stratford-on-Avon).
Labour No Votes (2)
Stephen Hepburn (Jarrow)
Kate Hoey (Vauxhall
DUP No Votes (10)
Gregory Campbell (East Londonderry),
Nigel Dodds (Belfast North),
Jeffrey M. Donaldson (Lagan Valley),
Paul Girvan (South Antrim),
Emma Little Pengelly (Belfast South),
Ian Paisley (North Antrim),
Gavin Robinson (Belfast East),
Jim Shannon (Strangford),
David Simpson (Upper Bann),
Sammy Wilson (East Antrim).
Independent No Vote (1)
Sylvia Hermon (North Down)
Tory Aye Votes (17)
Guto Bebb (Aberconwy)
Richard Benyon (Newbury)
Nick Boles (Grantham and Stamford)
Kenneth Clarke (Rushcliffe)
Jonathan Djanogly (Huntingdon)
George Freeman (Mid Norfolk)
Justine Greening (Putney)
Dominic Grieve (Beaconsfield)
Sam Gyimah (East Surrey)
Phillip Lee (Bracknell)
Oliver Letwin (West Dorset)
Paul Masterton (East Renfrewshire)
Sarah Newton (Truro and Falmouth)
Mark Pawsey (Rugby)
Antoinette Sandbach (Eddisbury)
Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex)
Edward Vaizey (Wantage)
SNP Aye Votes (35)
Hannah Bardell (Livingston),
Mhairi Black (Paisley and Renfrewshire South),
Ian Blackford (Ross, Skye and Lochaber),
Kirsty Blackman (Aberdeen North),
Deidre Brock (Edinburgh North and Leith),
Alan Brown (Kilmarnock and Loudoun),
Lisa Cameron (East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow),
Douglas Chapman (Dunfermline and West Fife),
Joanna Cherry (Edinburgh South West),
Ronnie Cowan (Inverclyde),
Angela Crawley (Lanark and Hamilton East),
Martyn Day (Linlithgow and East Falkirk),
Martin Docherty-Hughes (West Dunbartonshire),
Marion Fellows (Motherwell and Wishaw),
Stephen Gethins (North East Fife),
Patricia Gibson (North Ayrshire and Arran),
Patrick Grady (Glasgow North),
Peter Grant (Glenrothes),
Neil Gray (Airdrie and Shotts),
Drew Hendry (Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey),
Stewart Hosie (Dundee East),
Chris Law (Dundee West),
David Linden (Glasgow East),
Angus Brendan MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar),
Stewart Malcolm McDonald (Glasgow South),
Stuart C. McDonald (Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East),
John McNally (Falkirk),
Carol Monaghan (Glasgow North West),
Gavin Newlands (Paisley and Renfrewshire North),
Brendan O’Hara (Argyll and Bute),
Tommy Sheppard (Edinburgh East),
Chris Stephens (Glasgow South West),
Alison Thewliss (Glasgow Central),
Philippa Whitford (Central Ayrshire),
Pete Wishart (Perth and North Perthshire).
INDEPENDENT GROUP NO VOTES (11)
Heidi Allen (Independent – South Cambridgeshire)
Luciana Berger (Independent – Liverpool, Wavertree)
Ann Coffey (Independent – Stockport)
Mike Gapes (Independent – Ilford South)
Chris Leslie (Independent – Nottingham East)
Joan Ryan (Independent – Enfield North)
Angela Smith (Independent – Penistone and Stocksbridge)
Anna Soubry (Independent – Broxtowe)
Gavin Shuker (Independent – Luton South)
Chuka Umunna (Independent – Streatham)
Sarah Wollaston (Independent – Totnes)
OTHER NO VOTES (22)
Tom Brake (Liberal Democrat – Carshalton and Wallington)
Vince Cable (Liberal Democrat – Twickenham)
Alistair Carmichael (Liberal Democrat – Orkney and Shetland)
Edward Davey (Liberal Democrat – Kingston and Surbiton)
Tim Farron (Liberal Democrat – Westmorland and Lonsdale)
Christine Jardine (Liberal Democrat – Edinburgh West)
Ben Lake (Plaid Cymru – Ceredigion)
Norman Lamb (Liberal Democrat – North Norfolk)
Kelvin Hopkins (Independent – Luton North)
Ivan Lewis (Independent – Bury South)
Caroline Lucas (Green Party – Brighton, Pavilion)
Liz Saville Roberts (Plaid Cymru – Dwyfor Meirionnydd)
Jared O’Mara (Independent – Sheffield, Hallam)
Fiona Onasanya (Independent – Peterborough)
Jamie Stone (Liberal Democrat – Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross)
Jo Swinson (Liberal Democrat – East Dunbartonshire)
Hywel Williams (Plaid Cymru – Arfon)
Chris Williamson (Independent – Derby North)
John Woodcock (Independent – Barrow and Furness)
Theresa May arrived back at the Commons this evening ahead of the votes which ruled out Britain leaving with No Deal on March 29 and has now paved the way for Brexit to be delayed
Last night’s votes do not change the law and Brexiteers insist it is not binding – but it will be seen in Brussels as a clear signal Britain is blinking over Brexit.
MPs vote to block no-deal – what does the Spelman amendment mean for Brexit?
Last night’s vote on the Spelman amendment sends out a strong symbolic and political message even if it does not actually change the law.
The amendment passed by 312 votes to 308 is non-binding on the Government, so they can choose to ignore it if they wish.
Ms Spelman and Mr Dromey saw a similar amendment pass in January but it has fallen by the wayside.
Avoiding No Deal entirely can only be done in two ways: revoking Article 50 and cancelling Brexit or by adopting the Brexit deal.
A delay to Brexit of several months or longer would postpone that choice – and would require a change in the law which spells out exit day as March 29 – but it cannot be avoided forever.
But it does indicate the strength of feeling among MPs that a no-deal Brexit must be avoided and will be seen in Brussels as a clear signal Britain is blinking with the deadline just days away.
This is likely to have a huge impact when and if Theresa May heads to Brussels to ask for an extension to Article 50 to achieve a workable Brexit deal.
Avoiding No Deal entirely can only be done in two ways: revoking Article 50 and cancelling Brexit or by adopting the Brexit deal.
A delay to Brexit of several months or longer would postpone that choice – and would require a change in the law which spells out exit day as March 29 – but it cannot be avoided forever.
In the aftermath of the vote, European Research Group chairman Jacob Rees-Mogg said the amendment had no legal force.
He told Sky News: ‘We live under a system of law and a motion passed in Parliament does not override the law.’
Earlier, The PM could do no more than nod in support as the Environment Secretary set out the Government’s plan to block a No Deal Brexit on Britain’s scheduled exit date – but desperately try to keep it on the table.
Brexiteers pushed an alternative plan based on the so-called Malthouse Compromise. It says the Government should delay Brexit until May 22, and offer to ‘buy’ an almost three-year transition period until 2021.
The idea was there is either a full-blown UK-EU trade deal in place by then or both sides are ready for a No Deal on basic World Trade Organisation terms.
The Eurosceptics say if the EU rejects the offer, Britain must crash out without a deal on May 22 – following a short two month delay to prepare.
The Brexiteer plan was defeated by a landslide after Remain MPs secured enough support to win on the Spelman plan.
With Mrs May’s voice failing Mr Gove began the debate by praising her saying: ‘She may temporarily have lost her voice, but what she has not lost, and will never lose, is her focus in the national interest, and a full-hearted desire to do what is right for our country.’
In a desperate last attempt to win round support, Mrs May met with members of her Cabinet inside Parliament ahead of the votes at 7pm.
Meanwhile, Jeremy Corbyn whipped his Labour MPs to vote against Mrs May’s plan and back the Spelman amendment.
Irish premier Leo Varadkar has said that if the United Kingdom wants to change its mind over Brexit, it would be welcomed back like the ‘Prodigal Son’.
Ahead of the debate, Chancellor Philip Hammond used his Spring Statement to issue a stark warning about No Deal and called for the Commons to ‘compromise’.
Theresa May is losing her voice and asked Michael Gove to open the debate ahead of a vote on taking No Deal off the table – having previously said she would speak
Mr Gove paid tribute to Mrs May’s efforts in her negotiations and said: #She always, always, always acts in the national interest – we are lucky to have her’
Michael Gove said that since Mrs May lost the first meaningful vote on her Withdrawal Agreement in January she has spent ‘more than 19 hours at the despatch box’, and: ‘Has shown fortitude, tenacity, thoughtfulness, diligence – and above all an unselfish and unstinting patriotism.’
Mr Gove said it was only appropriate that ‘on all sides of the House’ MPs recognise the way in which the Prime Minister ‘always, always, always puts country first’ – but told them that after rejecting her deal they now have ‘difficult choices to make’ about Brexit.
Earlier the croaky Tory leader insisted she understood Britain’s demand to get Brexit done as she croaked through PMQs with a blast at Jeremy Corbyn for refusing to help pass her deal.
Hours after she was humiliated by a second drubbing at the hands of MPs, Mrs May returned to the Despatch Box to insist: ‘I want to leave the EU with a good deal – I believe we have a good deal.’
The Prime Minister is already fighting for her political life after being humiliated by a crushing Commons defeat last night which saw her on the ‘last chance’ Brexit deal voted down by 391 to 242.
At Prime Minister’s Questions Mrs May confronted MPs for the first time since the fresh humiliation. She made light of her own inability to speak blasted at Mr Corbyn: ‘I may not have my own voice but I understand the voice of the country.’
Mrs May repeatedly told MPs that the only way to take no deal off the table for good was to either cancel Brexit altogether or ultimately back her deal.
But an hour later Chancellor Philip Hammond used his Spring Statement to undermine his leader by calling for No Deal to be taken off the table by MPs. Minutes later Liz Truss undermined him by saying: ‘No deal would be better than not Brexit-ing’.
Theresa May insisted in PMQs she understood Britain’s demand to get Brexit done as she croaked through PMQs (pictured) with a blast at Jeremy Corbyn for refusing to help pass her deal. But it appears her voice was too weak to go again this afternoon
Tally-ho! Remain rebel ministers’ secret codeword as they tore up centuries of convention in vote to rule out No Deal Brexit FOREVER – while refusing to resign from May’s rudderless government
Remainer ministers who defied Theresa May and helped stop a No Deal Brexit used the code word ‘tally-ho!’ before they helped inflict a humiliating defeat on the Prime Minister in the Commons last night, it was revealed today.
Brexiteers are furious the ‘gang of four’ rebel cabinet members Scottish Secretary David Mundell, Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd, Justice Secretary David Gauke and Business Secretary Greg Clark have not been sacked after they refused to support Mrs May. Claire Perry, who attends Cabinet, also abstained on the motion.
Last night Mrs May was humiliated as her own motion to keep No Deal on the table was hijacked by Remainers who then used it to demand No Deal is killed off forever.
A Tory rebellion led by 17 members of the Government who defied a three-line whip helped Labour inflict a Government defeat by 321 votes to 278.
Tonight the PM will now offer a free vote on delaying Brexit beyond March 29 – but she is expected to offer a third vote on her Brexit deal after secret talks with the DUP and Brexiteers and growing fears that Britain will never the EU despite 17.4million Britons voting for it in 2016.
Last night Tories apparently used the code word ‘tally-ho’ in a Remainer WhatsApp group minutes before they defied Mrs May’s instruction to sink an amendment that ruled out No Deal ‘under any circumstances’.
And one unnamed MP claimed that in the ‘total carnage’ of last night’s vote that MPs who didn’t want to obey the whip were told they could go to one of Westminster’s pubs instead.
But last night the ministers who defied Mrs May were unabashed by calls for them to be sacked having apparently been reassured by No 10 that their jobs are safe.
David Mundell said: ‘I’m not resigning, because I support the Prime Minister. But I am just very clear that I don’t support a no-deal Brexit’ while Greg Clark also refused to go but said he took a ‘final chance’ to take No Deal off the table. Only Welfare minister Sarah Newton has quit after voting against as the PM lost control of her party.
Amber Rudd (left) and David Gauke (right) were among the Cabinet ministers who abstained on the No Deal motion, ignoring a three-line Conservative whip
Business Secretary Greg Clark (left) and Scotland Secretary David Mundell (right) also abstained on the No Deal motion which passed last night
Theresa May was humiliated when her own motion to keep No Deal on the table was hijacked by Remainers who then used it to demand No Deal is killed off forever.
The Tory Remainer rebellion led to a Government defeat by 321 votes to 278. However, with the Prime Minister’s authority in tatters, Downing Street indicated none of the rebels was likely to be sacked.
Sarah Newton quit her Department of Work and Pensions job to defy a three-line whip and vote against no-deal Brexit
Theresa May last night gave MPs a week to pass her Brexit deal – or stay in the EU for years – and is expected to put her deal to the Commons for a third time but Brexiteers Tories upset about the failure to sack ministers means they will never vote for her deal.
Mrs May’s ebbing authority was exposed last night as 15 ministers and aides were allowed to keep their jobs despite failing to vote with the Government.
Cabinet ministers Greg Clark, David Gauke, David Mundell, Claire Perry and Amber Rudd all defied a three-line whip and abstained on a motion that took No Deal off the table.
They were joined by seven junior ministers and three Parliamentary Private Secretaries. Usually ministers who fail to vote with the Government on a three-line whip – the strongest possible demand for them to do so – would be forced to quit.
In a sign of the chaos at the top of Government, the rebel ministers revealed that some had been told they could abstain and keep their jobs, while others believed they would be sacked for doing so.
A source close to one Cabinet minister said: ‘A significant number of ministers made it clear that they couldn’t vote against [the motion] in these circumstances and it was understood that they would not have to.’
But another of the Cabinet ministers said they thought they were going to be sacked for abstaining.
Sarah Newton, a welfare minister, and Paul Masterton, an aide to the Home Secretary, voted for the motion and both resigned from their jobs.
Tory MPs had been ordered to vote against the motion after it had been successfully amended to rule out No Deal Brexit in all circumstances.
Theresa May (pictured last night in the Commons) signalled she could hold a third vote on her Brexit deal as the only way to get Britain out of the EU withing weeks
MPs voted 312 to 308 in defiance of the Tory whips attempt to quash the plan to scrap No Deal for good. Mrs May had wanted to only rule it out on March 29 but keep it on the table for further talks.
But Cabinet ministers Business Secretary Mr Clark, Justice Secretary Mr Gauke, Scottish Secretary Mr Mundell, Energy Minister Mrs Perry and Work and Pensions Secretary Miss Rudd ignored the demand and abstained.
They were joined by Solicitor General Robert Buckland, foreign minister Sir Alistair Burt, defence minister Tobias Ellwood, health minister Stephen Hammond, business minister Richard Harrington, skills minister Anne Milton, and digital minister Margot James. Ministerial aides Simon Hoare, Victoria Prentis and Bim Afolami also abstained.
Hardline Eurosceptics vented their fury that Mrs May had failed to sack those who had not voted with the Government. Jacob Rees-Mogg said: ‘Collective responsibility requires ministers to support government policy or to resign. It is a basic constitutional point.’
Mark Francois, deputy chairman of the European Research Group, said the Government was now ‘barely in office’.
Mr Francois told Sky News: ‘Collective responsibility has disintegrated – you might as well tell the whips’ office to pack up and go home.
‘A number of very pro-Remain ministers realised how close it was, they had done the maths, and so they made themselves scarce, even though there was a strong three-line whip to vote against it. Normally ministers who did that would have to resign.’
Tory former minister James Duddridge tweeted: ‘How on earth can the Government ask backbenchers to support a three-line whip if Government ministers refuse to do so?’
Possible Tory leadership candidates Jeremy Hunt (left) and Sajid Javid (right) both voted for the so-called Malthouse Compromise, a plan backed by hardline Brexiteers
Former Tory leadership contender Andrea Leadsom (left) and Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson (right) also backed the Malthouse compromise
Fellow Tory MP Conor Burns replied: ‘Quite right James.’
Former Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith said: ‘I have never in 27 years as an MP seen anything like what is happening in Government.
‘How can the Government continue if collective responsibility has broken down and when whipped ministers deliberately abstain?’
Mr Mundell said: ‘I’ve always opposed a No Deal Brexit. The PM has my full support in her objective of leaving the EU with a deal to deliver an orderly Brexit.’
Health minister Mr Hammond said he refused to vote against the motion because he believed it would be a ‘disaster’.
Mr Masterton tweeted: ‘Tonight I took the difficult decision to vote against the Government on the final vote. I promised my constituents I would oppose No Deal.
‘But it cannot be wished away – the reality is we need to agree a deal and I continue to support the Prime Minister in seeking a way through.’
A Downing Street source last night said ‘voting against the Government is a resigning matter’, but refused to comment on those who abstained.
The Government fell into chaos last night as gave MPs a week to pass her Brexit deal – or stay in the EU for years.
The leaders of the European Research Group Jacob Rees-Mogg, Steve Baker (left) and Mark Francois vowed to fight on for a No Deal and defeat Mrs May’s deal for a third time. But Tory Simon Clarke (right) admitted he and other Eurosceptics may have to vote for the deal ‘with a gun to my head’ if it is brought back for a third time.
How long will Brexit be delayed, can it be cancelled and will there be a second referendum?
Could Brexit be stopped?
Prime Minister Theresa May speaks in Parliament following the vote last night
Mrs May has warned this is a possibility. While she will not revoke Article 50 herself, she has warned political chaos could see the Government replaced by Jeremy Corbyn or another pro-Remain administration.
If Article 50 is not revoked or extended on March 29, and UK law changed accordingly, Britain will leave the EU without a deal, despite the votes last night to block it.
Could there be a third meaningful vote?
It seems highly likely. But the EU has warned it is not prepared to negotiate further on the deal so it would seem it is likely to be a rerun rather than a different deal to that which failed on Tuesday.
But the events of last night and today could see Brexiteers swing in behind Mrs May’s deal, little more than a week after overwhelmingly rejecting it.
That will be what Mrs May will be hoping in any case.
Some ministers were suggesting the meaningful vote three (MV3) take place this week, though next week seems more likely.
So it’s a clear choice between June 30 or a much longer deal?
It is more complicated than that. Today’s motion, like yesterday’s, is amendable. So MPs can try to control how long an extension of Article 50 the PM should ask for.
Some Brexiteer MPs may propose shorter extensions. There have even been reports that some hardliners might back an amendment which blocks an extension – which seems on last night’s evidence likely to fail.
Will there be a second referendum?
As well as shorter extensions MPs are able to table amendments today asking for specific longer lengths of delay to Brexit for specific reasons, like a second referendum or even a general election – which is favoured by Labour.
Such is the state of disarray in Parliament these could in theory pass, although there are as many splits between Remain backers as there are among Brexiteers so it would need to be carefully worded to achieve maximum support.
What will the EU tell Mrs May?
EU leaders have already spelled out that an extension will not be granted just because British politics is bitterly divided.
They want to see clear reasoning for extending Article 50. If she arrives with a deal that has been agreed between now and then it seems likely that a shorter extension could be agreed.
If MPs still have not agreed a deal, they will want to see evidence that another plan is in place, like a second refrendum or a general election. But all of the EU’s 27 other nations have to agree.
Are there any other reasons they could refuse an extension?
The EU has hinted at a two year delay, although some prominent figures have pushed for a short delay.
Another key date is May 23. Mrs May’s own motion points out that any extension beyond June 30 ‘would require the UK to hold European Parliament elections’ due to take place on that day.
This would raise the prospect of Brexiteer MEPs like Nigel Farage running for office again.
European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said that Brexit should be completed before the European elections which take place between May 23 and 26.
‘If the UK has not left the EU by then, it will be legally required to hold these elections,’ he said.
What happens if the EU27 do not agree to a delay to Brexit?
A refusal to get an extension would most likely be because there was no deal in place and no alternative prospect.
Despite last night’s votes, it could see the UK leave without a deal on March 29 or try to force through a new deal in a matter of days.
Hammond promises a £26BILLION ‘deal dividend’: Chancellor warns crashing out means ‘job losses, lower wages and higher prices’
Philip Hammond dangled a £26billion ‘deal dividend’ in front of MPs yesterday as he issued stark warnings about the risks of crashing out.
The Chancellor used his Spring Statement to insist that a no-deal Brexit would mean ‘higher unemployment, lower wages and higher prices in the shops’.
Mr Hammond appealed for ‘consensus’ over how Britain should leave the EU, as he painted a rosy picture of the economy if Brexit hardliners back down and endorse the deal.
The Chancellor said the economy would continue to grow in every year to 2023 – at a faster rate than Germany – if the deal is agreed, even with a slowdown this year.
He said the strong economy meant Britain was taking ‘another step of… the road out of austerity’ if it avoided a no deal shock.
Mr Hammond said if MPs pass the deal he will decide in the Spending Review later this year how to share the proceeds from any ‘Deal Dividend’ that Treasury aides said was worth £26billion – £11billion more than thought at the Budget in November.
The money is available deal or no deal – but would be soaked up dealing with the consequences of no deal if Britain crashes out of the bloc.
If there is a deal, the money would go on increased spending on public services, capital investment and keeping taxes low.
Mr Hammond also announced a £100million funding boost to combat knife crime. The money will pay for a ‘surge’ in street policing in an effort to tackle rising levels of violence on the country’s streets.
There were also spending announcements on free sanitary products for schools and a package to tackle climate change.
In the Spring Statement this lunchtime, the Chancellor is expected to pledge an immediate £100million boost for police forces
The latest economic forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility suggest the economy will be slower this year than expected in November (pictured) but with growth every year to 2023
Philip Hammond (pictured leaving No 11 Downing Street) will announce a major funding boost to combat knife crime as he unveils his spring statement 16 days before Brexit
Spring Statement 2019: What has Hammond revealed?
- The Office for Budget Responsibility forecasts GDP growth of 1.2% this year, then 1.4% in 2020 and 1.6% for each of the following three years.
- The OBR expects to see 600,000 new jobs by 2023, with wage growth at 3% or higher in each year of the forecast period.
- UK debt is forecast to be lower in every year than predicted at the Budget, falling to 82.2% of GDP next year, then 79%, 74.9% and 74% in the following years and 73% in 2023/24.
- £260 million for the Borderlands Growth deal covering the border regions of England and Scotland and said negotiations are progressing on future deals for mid-Wales and Derry/Londonderry.
- A £700 million package of reforms to help small businesses take on more apprentices, announced in the autumn Budget, is to be brought forward to the start of the new financial year in April.
- From June, the UK will begin to abolish the requirement for paper landing cards at points of entry to the country and will allow citizens of the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Japan, Singapore and South Korea to use e-gates at airports and Eurostar terminals.
- Funding of £79 million allocated to the ARCHER2 supercomputer at Edinburgh University, £45 million for genomics research at the European Bioinformatics Institute and £81 million for a new Extreme Photonics Centre in Oxfordshire, along with a guarantee of UK funding for the JET nuclear fusion reactor, whatever happens with Brexit.
- The Government will fund free sanitary products in secondary schools and colleges in England from the next school year.
- Some 445,000 square kilometres of ocean around Ascension Island to be declared a Marine Protected Area.
- A new £3 billion Affordable Homes Guarantee scheme to support delivery of around 30,000 affordable homes and £717 million from the Housing Infrastructure Fund to unlock up to 37,000 new homes on sites in West London, Cheshire, Didcot and Cambridge.
In his 35-minute statement, Mr Hammond said that Tuesday’s vote to reject the EU Withdrawal Agreement ‘leaves a cloud of uncertainty hanging over the economy’ and his most urgent task is to lift it.
He announced the latest economic forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility suggest the economy will be sharply slower this year than expected – with a downgrade from 1.6per cent to 1.2 per cent – in November.
But growth will rise again to 1.6 per cent a year in 2021, 2022 and 2023, the forecasts say.
He said: ‘Last night’s events mean we are not where I hoped we would be today.
‘Our economy is fundamentally robust. But the uncertainty that I hoped we would lift last night, still hangs over us.
‘We cannot allow that to continue. It is damaging our economy and it is damaging our standing and reputation in the world.
‘Tonight, we have a choice. We can remove the threat of an imminent no-deal exit hanging over our economy.
‘Tomorrow, we will have the opportunity to start to map out a way forward towards building a consensus across this House for a deal we can, collectively support, to exit the EU in an orderly way to a future relationship that will allow Britain to flourish, protecting jobs and businesses
‘A brighter future is within our grasp. Tonight, let’s take a decisive step towards seizing it and building a Britain fit for the future; a Britain the next generation will be proud to call their home.’
The Chancellor warned that the country’s economic progress will be at risk in a no-deal Brexit, and said he was ‘confident’ that the Commons will agree a smooth and orderly EU withdrawal ‘over the coming weeks’.
Mr Hammond told MPs: ‘A no-deal Brexit would deliver a significant short- to medium-term reduction in the productive capacity of the British economy.
‘And because our economy is operating at near full capacity, any fiscal and monetary response would have to be carefully calibrated not to simply cause inflation.’
Mr Hammond said he will decide in the Spending Review later this year how to share the proceeds from any ‘Deal Dividend’, if the UK leaves the EU with a deal, between increased spending on public services, capital investment and keeping taxes low.
Responding to Mr Hammond’s statement, shadow chancellor John McDonnell said: ‘We have just witnessed a display by the Chancellor of this Government’s toxic mix of callous complacency over austerity and … mishandling of Brexit.’
Mr Hammond is also expected to warn that money to end austerity can be found only if MPs vote to leave the EU with a deal. He is expected to unveil a ‘deal dividend’ of £20 billion to invest in public services. PIctured is the current state of the deficit
Mr McDonnell said downgrading forecasts were a ‘pattern’ under Mr Hammond before he criticised Government borrowing.
Free sanitary products will be made available in ALL schools so that ‘girls no longer have to miss a day’ because they can’t afford them
The Government will fund free sanitary products in schools to tackle period poverty, Philip Hammond announced.
Mr Hammond said ‘some girls are missing school’ because they can’t afford to buy them.
The Chancellor said the Department for Education would develop the new scheme in time for the next school year.
The surprise announcement came amid a small spending spree in Mr Hammond’s Spring Statement.
He added: ‘On the deficit, he’s boasting about the deficit – he’s not eliminated the deficit as we were promised by 2015.
‘He’s simply shifted it on to the shoulders of headteachers, NHS managers, local councillors and police commissioners and, worst of all, onto the backs of many of the poorest in our society.
‘The consequences are stark – infant mortality has increased, life-expectancy has reduced, and our communities are less safe.
‘Police budgets have faced a cut of £2.7 billion since 2010 and nothing the Chancellor has said today will make up for the human and economic consequences of those cuts.’
Mr McDonnell added there is ‘nothing balanced’ about a Government giving more than £110 billion of tax cuts to the rich and corporations while ’87 people a day die before they receive the care they need’.
Last week Mr Hammond urged forces to divert existing resources from lower priority crime instead of demanding more.
He said backed a ‘surging of resources from other areas of policing activity into dealing with this spike in knife crime’ and said forces should ‘move’ money from other areas.
Mr Hammond’s plan again some positive economic figures – including wages (blue line) rising sharply faster than prices (red line)
But Mr Javid publicly backed senior police officers who said they needed more money to pay for overtime to put more officers on the streets.
Hammond pledges £100million to fight the ‘scourge of knife crime’
Philip Hammond yesterday announced a major funding boost to combat knife crime.
In the Spring Statement, the Chancellor pledged an immediate £100million boost for police forces.
The money will pay for a ‘surge’ in street policing in an effort to tackle rising levels of violence on the country’s streets.
It follows a major Whitehall row between the Home Office and Treasury, and represents a major victory for Home Secretary Sajid Javid.
Last week Mr Hammond urged forces to divert existing resources from lower priority crime instead of demanding more.
Sources said around two thirds of the cash would go to paying for a surge in street policing, and the remainder to fund specialist Violence Reduction Units.
On Monday 46 London MPs called for Mr Hammond to use the Spring Statement to help the Metropolitan Police fight knife crime.
Last week a string of former senior officers said there was an urgent need for more police to be recruited.
Lord Hogan-Howe, the former Met commissioner, has called for an extra 20,000 officers across the country and told ministers to ‘get a grip on the crisis’.
Police numbers have fallen by 20,000 in England and Wales since 2010. The number of knife-related deaths rose from 186 in 2015-16 to 285 in 2017-18.
Violent crime rose by nearly a fifth in the year to September 2018, according to police figures, and the increase in knife killings has been particularly pronounced.
In the last year alone, 27 under-19s have been stabbed to death, and there have been 285 knife killings in all – the highest level since the Second World War.
Ahead of the statement, shadow chancellor John McDonnell urged him to end Government cuts
Downing Street is also understood to have been backing calls for extra cash. Forces are already set to receive nearly £970 million extra in the next financial year.
End of the gas boiler: Fossil-fuel heating systems will be BANNED in all new-build houses from 2025
Fossil-fuel powered boilers will be banned in new build homes from 2025, the Chancellor revealed yesterday.
Philip Hammond’s move spells the beginning of the end for gas boilers in Britain.
The move is part of a package of reforms aimed at tackling climate change in the Spring Statement.
But shadow housing secretary John Healey tweeted: ‘Seriously underwhelming housing announcements from the Chancellor – debt guarantees a recycled pledge from 2017, and what sounds like a partial backtrack on the Tories’ 2015 decision to scrap Labour’s zero carbon homes plan… by 2025!’
Theresa May last week ordered an urgent set of ministerial meetings to discuss action against knives, but she came under fire after claiming there was ‘no direct correlation between certain crimes and police numbers’.
Metropolitan Police Commissioner Cressida Dick rejected that claim saying it was obvious ‘there is some link between violent crime on the streets and police numbers’
Mrs May is also considering plans for would-be knife thugs to be treated in the same way as potential jihadis.
A new regime would see councils, schools and other agencies required to report youngsters considered to be at risk of being dragged into knife and gang crime.
Ahead of the statement, shadow chancellor John McDonnell urged him to end Government cuts.
Mr McDonnell said: ‘Living standards have been squeezed by relentless cutbacks to public services, as part of a toxic Tory cocktail of callousness and incompetence.
‘Philip Hammond must abandon this disastrous austerity agenda of the past nine years.
‘Labour will tax the rich and giant corporations to end austerity, fund our public services properly, and rebuild our economy so it works for the many, not the few.’